The type of food provided to dogs varies according to the size and age of the dog, so the amount of food to be provided to a small dog differs from that of a large one, and age also plays a major role in determining the type of dog food.
Feeding little puppies
The process of feeding newborn puppies in the first three months needs careful care; The breeder must begin to transfer the puppy from the mother’s milk diet to the puppy’s diet gradually and regularly by removing him for short and then long periods from his mother. The importance of this step lies in making the puppy gradually move away from the mother’s care, and this process is called weaning, and it is preferable to start in the third or fourth week, and there is no need to feed the puppy any additional food before weaning, but in the event that the mother is sick and does not produce enough milk, Refer to formula milk or the veterinarian for guidance.
During weaning, the dog begins to be fed manufactured foods intended for dogs and wetted with warm water, and food is provided frequently after weaning to maintain the level of sugar in the blood, and if any side effects occur, such as diarrhea and vomiting, the veterinarian should be reviewed as soon as possible.
Feeding adult dogs
The food provided to adult dogs must be sufficient to meet their energy needs and to compensate for the cells and tissues of the body, and the amount of food provided to the dog must be proportionate to its size and energy so that it does not exceed its needs, as it causes diseases resulting from the accumulation of fat, and is not less than its needs, causing it to become emaciated and weak. The dog’s activity varies according to its type and movement, so the breeder must determine the amount of food sufficient for his dog’s body.
The amount of food required for the dog can be determined by the veterinarian, and this amount may increase in winter, or when the dog performs additional activity or suffers from a disease. The way to control animal behavior. Some people divide meals into three meals; Breakfast, lunch, and dinner, and each meal has its appointed time, and it varies according to the type and age of the dog, during which meals containing raw eggs are served to be special meal for dogs that do violent exercises, and it is served after the sixth month of the dog’s life.
As for the meal that contains meat and bones, it is given to the dog daily in order to strengthen his jaws and meet his need for protein. Dinner can be replaced with the remainder of lunch, but not every day, until the age of 6 months.
Types of dog food
There are special foods for dogs of different types and sizes, as they have become widespread in the market in different types, and all that the breeder has to do is put the ready-made food for the dog on specific dates, and there are three different types of dog food, which are:
It consists of fats, vitamins, bone meal, and some dry meat, in addition to minerals, carbohydrates, and some salts in appropriate quantities, as they are mixed with each other in the form of balls of small sizes, and this type is distinguished by that it prevents weight gain, in addition to containing all the nutrients necessary.
It is a food consisting of a mixture of rice, meat, ground bones, vitamins, and salts, but this food is very expensive.
This food is distinguished by the fact that it is made by the breeder, it increases the dog’s bond with the human being, and it is not expensive. Because it is mostly leftovers from human eating.
Dangerous food for dogs
They must be avoided. Some foods are dangerous and toxic to dogs despite their attraction to them and their desire to obtain them from the surrounding environment. For example, the following:
garlic and onions
Onions and garlic, in different forms, are considered toxic foods for dogs, whether they are dried, raw, or cooked, as eating them results in a digestive disorder as well as damage to red blood cells, and it is worth noting that signs of poisoning sometimes appear directly, or It may be delayed for a few days.
Chocolate is one of the tempting foods for humans and dogs, but it is a toxic substance for dogs, and one of the causes of kidney failure sometimes; This is because it contains the stimulant theobromine. The amount of damage depends on the type of chocolate and the percentage of theobromine in it. For example, dark chocolate is very harmful to dogs. Because it contains high amounts of theobromine. Unlike milk chocolate, in which the percentage of theobromine is lower, and therefore less harmful, and among the types of chocolate that do not cause harm to dogs, white chocolate is due to the low amount of theobromine in it.
Dogs can get macadamia nuts indirectly through their presence in certain quantities in some foods, such as baked goods, but this type of food causes a lot of trouble and diseases after eating it, so you should stay away from it as much as possible. Among the symptoms that may appear after eating small amounts of these nuts are the following:
vomiting. Fatigue and inability to control muscles. general weakness. High temperatures. Depression.
Dogs can generally digest corn, but cornbread is one of the foods that should be avoided being offered to dogs, due to the possibility of causing the death of one of them, and this can be explained by the possibility of intestinal blockages for dogs after eating a very small amount of it.
Avocados are healthy foods for humans, but this does not necessarily mean that they are beneficial for dogs. Eating avocados can sometimes cause death because they contain persin, which is toxic to animals. However, it may not be
It is dangerous for dogs like others, because of its ability to resist this substance efficiently sometimes, so it is recommended to keep it in a place that is difficult for the dog to reach.
Many foods that humans eat contain the industrial sweetener xylitol, including; Low-fat or sugar-free food, but dogs eating these foods causes severe hypoglycemia, resulting in liver failure, in addition to blood clotting.
Alcohol is considered one of the most harmful drinks for humans and dogs in particular, regardless of the amount ingested, and among the most prominent harms to dogs are the following:
Poisoning. diarrhea. Central nervous system damage.
Raw bones differ from fully cooked in terms of benefit for dogs, as raw bones are a good option for them, unlike cooked bones, which are largely bad, due to the ease of their crumbling. Which leads to constipation when consumed in large quantities, and sometimes leads to death if it causes a hole in the gastrointestinal tract.
Grapes and raisins
You should pay attention not to offer grapes and raisins in all their forms to dogs, as these foods cause poisoning in dogs for an unknown reason so far, and they are also one of the causes of liver and kidney failure in dogs as well.
General notes on dog feeding
Breeders of domestic dogs must adhere to some important observations in maintaining good dog health, and among these observations are the following:
- The meal should be medium to warm.
- Liver food is twice a week; So that the percentage of uric acid in the body does not rise.
- Stay away from home food leftovers that contain large amounts of salt or fat, especially before the age of 6 months.
- Teaching the dog to wait until the food is placed in front of it and then order it to eat, so as not to endanger the breeder.
- Provide good and clean water for the dog, and renew it continuously.
- Do not give the dog any additional meals that may cause an increase in fat in its body, and thus increase its weight beyond the normal limit.
Many people want to raise dogs for several different reasons, but raising dogs is not an easy thing. She needs experience in applying some specific measures to maintain the health and safety of the dog. Among the most important of these measures and procedures is the dog’s diet; following a balanced diet for dogs is very important to maintain their growth and health, as dogs must get all the nutrients and vitamins important for growth. You should also get vaccinations to protect them from various parasitic diseases and follow the advice of the veterinarian carefully. Dogs need different elements according to their age, and the breeder must be aware of these subtleties to protect his dogs.
The uses of dogs
Dogs are considered one of the most common types of pets among those that humans raise and care for, and the origins of dogs go back to the wolf family, but after human taming and breeding, they became pets and coexist with humans since ancient times. And many people raise dogs mostly with the aim of providing protection, in addition to entertainment, and the example is set by the loyalty and love of dogs for their owner, and some use them for the purpose of hunting and guarding, in addition to their use in military operations, ancient and modern.